Psychological Tests and Structured Interviews: Introduction
My name is Sam Vaknin. I am the author of “Malignant Self-Love: Narcissism Revisited.” Personality assessment is perhaps more of an art form than a science. In an attempt to erect and standardize as possible. Generations of clinicians came up with psychological tests and structured interviews. These are administered under similar conditions. They use [...]
My name is Sam Vaknin. I am the author of “Malignant Self-Love: Narcissism Revisited.” Personality assessment is perhaps more of an art form than a science. In an attempt to erect and standardize as possible. Generations of clinicians came up with psychological tests and structured interviews. These are administered under similar conditions. They use identical stimuli to elicited information from respondents. This way, any disparity in the response of respondents can be easily contributed to the inner securities of their personalities and not to any flaws in the tests themselves. Most test restrict the material permitted us. Consider possibly the Minnesota multi crazy personality inventory. The MPI Two. The true or false are the only allowed reactions to questions in the interview. Scoring and keying the results is also an ultimate process wherein. The all-true responses get one or more points or one or more scales All false responses get no points at all. So, these processes are alliterated. This ultimately limit’s the physician the limitation of the tests results. Admittedly, the practitioner is more important than data given. Summing it up. Inevitably, bias human input cannot be avoided and is not avoided or ultimately given the acknowledgement of processing and evaluation. But, these effects are somehow reigned in by the systematic and imposture nature of the lying instruments of the psychological tests. Still, rather than rely on the one questionnaire of this interpretation, most practitioners adhere to same subjects a battery of tests and structured interviews. These often vary in important aspects. There response from us. The stimulating volts, procedures of administration that is recording this technology.
Moreover, they establish a test reliability. Many of those manifestations are administered repeatedly over time to the same clients. If the interpreted results are more or less the same, the test is said to be reliable. The outcomes of various tests must fit in with each other. Put together they must provide a consistent and coherent picture. If one test uses readings that constantly at odds with the conclusions of other tests or interviews, this test may not be perfect. In other words, it may not be measuring what it claims to be measuring. Now, if the test was creating great curiosity, must conform to this course of tests which show the feelings or perplexity to present a socially desirable and benefit of the heart.
These elements must fit together. Generosity, reluctance to any failings and inflated self-image for self. For self. If the test is positively related to irrelevant or sexually indegred entries. Such as, intelligence let’s just say, or depression It doesn’t render its values. There is something wrong with it.
Most tests are either objective or projective. The psychologist George Kelly offered this definition of this in an article in 1958 titled, “Mans Construction of His Alternatives” It’s included in his book, the assessment of human motives. It says, when the subject is asked to guess what the examiner is thinking, we call it an objectivist When the examiner tries to guess what the subject is thinking, we call it a projective device. The corangle of objectiveness is computerized. Examples of such standardized instruments include EIP Two, the callfoleus, psychological inventory, the CPI, and clinical multi-actual inventory in its second edition.
Of course, a human finally learns the meaning of the dateline given by these questionnaires. It normally depends on the knowledge, training and experience skills. Natural gifts, or the service or the physician that administered to this.
Projective tests are for instructions and thus, a lot more vigorous. As L.K. Fark served in the 1939 article titled “projective methods for the personality” the patients responses to such tests are projections of his way of seeing life. His meanings, significances, patterns and especially his feelings. In projective tests, the response is a lot of restraint and squandering is done exclusively by humans and one’s judgment. And thus, of course, bias.
Can clinicians really agree on the same interpretation. Often use competitive methods of scoring using desperate results. A diagnostician personality comes into common play in tests. The best know of these so called tests is the [inaudible 05:24]. And, the following series of videos we will discuss eight very important psychological tests structured interviews. Stay with us and keep watching.